Cardiovascular Disease In Low Socioeconomic Populations
Cardiovascular disease is the number 1 cause of death worldwide. Which means more people die each year from cardiovascular disease than from any other cause. Unfortunately, more than three quarters of all cardiovascular deaths occur in low and middle income families.
In these socio-economic populations a lack of proper health education is contributing to the number of deaths from cardiovascular disease.
The American Heart Association (AHA) does a good job of regularly publishing new guidelines that prestigious institutions use to inform and educate school children, academics, and citizens in first aid in an effort to prevent cardiovascular diseases and complications.
I personally encourage my patients to control their diet. I advise them to develop a diet plan to include organic food and drink, with no artificial ingredients. For example, I recommend they eat food without sodium at all. Otherwise, I recommend they limit their sodium intake to less than 1500 mg of salt per the American Heart Association guidelines. Low sodium diets will help protect patients from hypernatremia and hyponatremia. I propose they:
- stop consuming alcohol, soda, and juice
- exercise at least 3 times a week
- eat their daily servings of vegetables and fruits
- stay away from cigarettes
- control their stress level
- reduce consumption of saturated fatty acid
For most, the factors predisposing heart disease are preventable through a good lifestyle and a healthy diet. So, to reduce the rate of cardiac patients in the world and particularly in countries with low and middle income populations, I would repeat Hippocrates who once said “let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food.”
Fritzson Michel, MD
Physician, Complexe Médical Fritzson Michel, Petite-Rivière-de-l'Artibonite, Haiti
Dr Fritzson Michel is the CEO of Complexe Médicale Fritzson Michel (CMFM), he publishes periodically medical articles online for many institutions. Like his facebook page, and follow him on twitter@fritzsonmichel