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See the latest Science News from the American Heart Association at professional.heart.org/sciencenews.
 

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Archive for January, 2011
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Major Scientific Advances in 2010: ATVB Council
 

By Edward Plow,Ph.D., FAHA and Nigel Mackman, Ph.D.

The council strives to promote basic, translational and clinical research in cardiovascular physiology and pathology. Annually AHA asks all of its Councils and science groups what in their estimation have been the most important advances in their respective fields within the past year. We have pulled out of all of those suggestions, the ones that came from or are relevant to our community. These advances and their potential to impact atherosclerosis, thrombosis, vascular biology and the patient are listed in the table below.

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Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Jan 19, 2011 4:34 PM CST
American Heart Association and Nonprofit Advocacy: Past, Present, and Future


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  • Advocacy is an essential strategy used by the AHA to achieve its health impact goals and program objectives.
  • High quality science is the foundation of public policy and advocacy efforts.
  • Funding for research is in peril and cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack and stroke remain the nation’s No. 1 cause of death.

    Read the full article in Circulation
 

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Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Jan 19, 2011 12:17 PM CST
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  • There is a direct, progressive, consistent and continuous relationship between blood pressure and adverse health outcomes.
  • Strong evidence implicates excess sodium intake with elevated blood pressure.
  • This is a call to action for the public, health community, government and industry to cut sodium consumption. 
       Read the full article in Circulation
 

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Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Jan 14, 2011 5:23 PM CST
Metrics for Measuring Quality of Care in Comprehensive Stroke Centers: Detailed Follow-up to Brain Attack Coalition Comprehensive Stroke Center Recommendations


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  • A Framework for Comprehensive stroke centers (CSC) was suggested by the Brain Attack Coalition in a paper published in 2005.
  • Comprehensive Stroke centers will be called upon to deliver a higher level of care to stroke patients.
  • Metrics are developed here to address quality of care standards that would be characteristic to a comprehensive stroke center.

    Read the full article in Stroke
 

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Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Jan 13, 2011 4:15 PM CST
Importance and Implementation of Training in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Automated External Defibrillation in Schools

 

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  • CPR should be core knowledge for all citizens.
  • Strategies that can be shared at home extends training to a population more likely to witness a cardiac arrest.
  • This document advocates for mandatory CPR training in schools and provides guidance for effective implementation.

    Read the full article in Circulation

Comments?  Leave them below. 
 
Supporting Materials

Resources

 
AHA News Release

 
 American Heart Association Science Advisory

 

Advisory Highlights:

  • CPR training and an overview of automated external defibrillators should be required for high school graduation, according to an American Heart Association advisory.
  • Such mandatory training would rapidly increase the number of people ready to respond to sudden cardiac arrest, a leading cause of death in the United States.

 

DALLAS, Jan. 10, 2011 — All secondary school students should be required to be trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and receive an overview of automated external defibrillators (AEDs), according to an American Heart Association science advisory.

The advisory, published in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association, calls for state legislatures to mandate that CPR and AED training be required for graduation, and to provide funding and other support to ensure the educational standard is met.

Last school year, 36 states had a law or curriculum standard encouraging CPR training in schools, according to the advisory. School districts have developed various models for providing and paying for the training and equipment, including using volunteer instructors or video-based programs, and drawing support from businesses, foundations, civic organizations and public agencies.

Challenges include finding time in the curriculum to teach the courses and providing and maintaining CPR manikins, which are vital for training. Schools can keep reusable manikins, replacing key parts for sanitary reasons, or can work with a local agency that provides manikins and training. Some schools provide personal training kits that include DVD-based instructions and an inflatable, reusable manikin.

The statement authors report that the benefits far outweigh the costs. “Training of all secondary education students will add a million trained rescuers to the population every few years,” said Mary Fran Hazinski, R.N., M.S.N., co-author of the advisory and professor at Vanderbilt University School of Nursing in Nashville, Tenn. “Those students will be ready, willing and able to act for many years to come, whenever they witness an emergency within the community.”

Students trained as rescuers might help save lives at home, where most sudden cardiac arrests occur. Trained students could also respond to cardiac arrests at school and at public places such as malls, health clubs, or swimming pools, or at events such as family reunions. 

Cardiac arrest is a leading cause of death in the United States. The American Heart Association reports that emergency medical personnel respond to nearly 300,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in the United States annually, so CPR can help save many of these victims’ lives, the authors said.

Effective CPR circulates a small but vital amount of oxygen-rich blood to the heart and brain, which can help keep a victim alive until an AED is available. The AED can give an electric shock to the heart to stop the abnormal heart rhythm and allow a normal heart rhythm to return. AEDs are portable medical devices that can be used with minimal training and are often available in public places.

“Bystander CPR can double or triple survival from cardiac arrest. Currently, only about 30 percent of victims of out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrest receive any type of CPR,” Hazinski said.

According to the statement, most untrained bystanders hesitate to help a cardiac arrest victim. Research has shown that when bystanders have CPR training, they are much more likely to take action.

Bystanders who phone 911 and begin CPR provide the first essential links in a strong, interdependent “chain of survival,” Hazinski said. “With activation of 911, early bystander CPR, rapid defibrillation, effective advanced life support and integrated post-resuscitation care, survival rates following sudden cardiac arrest can exceed 50 percent. That’s dramatically higher than the 7 percent to 9 percent average survival rate in the U.S. However, nothing is going to happen unless there’s a bystander who recognizes the arrest, phones 911 and begins CPR to start that chain of survival. Research has shown that any attempt at CPR can improve the odds of survival for someone who has a cardiac arrest,” she said.

CPR training in schools should cover several key areas, including how to recognize an emergency, an emphasis on high-quality chest compressions and skills practice, according to the advisory. At a minimum, AED training should cover the purpose, simplicity and safety of the devices.

“Many schools have overcome barriers to training and begun teaching CPR,” Hazinski said. “But I think a legislative mandate and support for training in schools would go a long way.”

 

 

Access the full News Release and related material.


Comments?  Leave them below.

Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Jan 11, 2011 2:42 PM CST

Most Recent Comments

Excellent comments , Incidentally , if someone is wanting a DA 31 , my assistant edited a blank document here http://goo.gl/sm5zJK
Looking forward to the new materials and implementing them into our classes.
HI Janet!It looks like the ACLS materials will be available in in Spring 2016. This date could change.http://2015eccguidelines.heart.org/ is a great resource for everything about the new guidelines. One of our distributors, Channing Bete, has an information page about the new guidelines and updated materials that I found very helpful: http://aha...
When can I purchase the 2015 ACLS Manual?
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