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AHA Science News

Transitions of Care in Heart Failure

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  • Transitions of care interventions and programs are designed to create a smooth, safe and efficient move from hospital to the next care setting.
  • The complexities and barriers of heart failure management at the patient, hospital and healthcare levels are discussed in this statement and how they relate to transitions of care.
  • This statement defines current transitions of care interventions and outcomes and explores the implications and recommendations for research and clinical practice to strengthen patient-centered outcomes.
     

    Read the full article in Circulation: Heart Failure

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Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Jan 20, 2015 5:16 PM CST

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Basic Concepts and Potential Applications of Genetics and Genomics for Cardiovascular and Stroke Clinicians:
A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association
 
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  • This statement acts as a resource on genetics and genomics for practitioners involved in the care of cardiovascular and stroke patients.
  • While not exhaustive, an overview of the field is included, as well as references to additional educational materials.
  • The document provides recommendations for basic genetics and genomics knowledge with which cardiovascular and stroke clinicians should be familiar.
        Read the full statement in Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics.
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Posted by Alice Wolke on Jan 5, 2015 3:30 PM CST
AHA Science News

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Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics—2015 Update

      The 2015 Update of Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics includes:
  • a new chapter on cardiac arrest,
  • new data on the monitoring and benefits of cardiovascular health in the population,
  • additional information in many chapters on the global CVD and stroke burden, and
  • a new focus on evidence-based approaches to changing behaviors, implementation strategies, and implications of the AHA’s 2020 Impact Goals.


    Read the full article in Circulation

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Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Dec 17, 2014 5:13 PM CST
AHA Science News

Primary Prevention Stroke Guidelines




 

     
  • Each year about 795,000 strokes occur in the US, with about 610,000 of those being new strokes. Stroke is a leading cause of functional impairment, leaving many disabled.
  • This updated Primary Prevention of Stroke Guideline issues several new recommendations.
  • This guideline summarizes the evidence on established and emerging risk factors for primary prevention of stroke.


    Read the full article in Stroke
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Posted by Lyndie Bishop on Oct 29, 2014 10:38 AM CDT
AHA Science News

Approaches to Enhancing Radiation Safety in Cardiovascular Imaging

     
  • Radiation exposure from medical imaging has increased since 1980.
  • The concept of patient-centered imaging is discussed.
  • Education of the clinician and of the patient is considered to be a key element to enhance radiation safety in medical imaging.


    Read the full article in Circulation
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Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Sep 29, 2014 3:18 PM CDT
AHA Science News

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Clinical Performance Measures for Adults Hospitalized With Acute Ischemic Stroke

     
  • At the heart of this document is the notion of “building healthier lives free of heart disease and stroke” through clinical performance measures.
  • There are 691,000 hospitalizations for ischemic stroke each year with in-hospital mortality of 7%.  Stroke is the 4th leading cause of death, leaving stroke a major public health problem.
  • In 2011, the AHA/ASA formed the Stroke Performance Measures Oversight Committee (SPOC) that oversees the development of stroke performance measures for the AHA/ASA.


    Read the full article in Stroke
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Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Sep 25, 2014 4:29 PM CDT
AHA Science News
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2014 AHA/ACC Guideline for the Management of Patients With Non–ST-Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes (NSTE-ACS)

     
  • This complete revision of the 2007 guideline includes a new title, "Non–ST-Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes," (NSTE-ACS) and new terminology, reflecting the continuum from unstable angina (UA) to acute coronary syndrome (ACS).
  • Discharge planning, transition of care, and coordination of care is a key focus.
  • Women and older populations are among the special populations considered.
  • Patient and family education includes awareness of risk factors and lifestyle modification among others.


    Read the full article in Circulation
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Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Sep 23, 2014 3:11 PM CDT
AHA Science News
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The Postthrombotic Syndrome: Evidence-Based Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment Strategies

     
  • a frequent, chronic complication of deep venous thrombosis (DVT - blood clots in ≥1 deep veins, usually of the lower or upper extremities)
  • occurs in a limb previously affected by DVT - DVT affects 1 to 3 of 1000 people in the general population annually.
  • the most common long-term complication of DVT - 20% to 50% of patients with DVT develop PTS sequelae
  • includes a spectrum of symptoms that vary from patient to patient.


    Read the full article in Circulation

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Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Sep 22, 2014 6:46 PM CDT
AHA Science News
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Sustainable Development Goals and the Future of Cardiovascular Health: A Statement From the Global Cardiovascular Disease Taskforce

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  • In 2012, as part of a program to reduce all non-communicable diseases (NCDs) by 25% by 2025, along with representatives of the World Heart Federation, American College of Cardiology Foundation, European Heart Network, and the European Society of Cardiology, the American Heart Association participated in a call to action for the 194 World Health Organization (WHO) Member States to adopt targets to guide cardiovascular (CV) public health efforts for the next several years.1
  • The United Nations will soon debate and determine Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for 2015 and beyond.
  • The importance of resources for impacting the growth of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and stroke, is addressed in this statement.
  • The proposed SDG goal: “Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages.”2
  • The proposed NCD target: “By 2030, reduce by one-third morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) through prevention and treatment, and promote mental health and wellbeing”.2.


    Read the full article in JAHA

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Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Sep 22, 2014 2:30 PM CDT
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Assessment of the 12-Lead ECG as a Screening Test for the Detection of Cardiovascular Disease in Healthy General Populations of Young People (12-25 years of age)
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  • Mandatory and universal cardiovascular mass screening with 12-lead ECGs in large general populations of young healthy people 12-25 years of age to identify genetic/congenital and other cardiovascular abnormalities is not recommended for athletes and non-athletes alike.
  • Consideration for large-scale, general population and universal cardiovascular screening in the age group 12 to 25 years with history–taking and physical examination alone is not recommended.
  • Use by examiners of the AHA 14-point elements and those from other societies as a part of comprehensive history–taking and physical examination to detect or raise suspicion of genetic/congenital and other cardiovascular abnormalities is recommended for cardiovascular screening in young people aged 12 to 25 years.


    Read the full article in Circulation
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Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Sep 15, 2014 4:04 PM CDT
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