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AHA Science News

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Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics—2015 Update

      The 2015 Update of Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics includes:
  • a new chapter on cardiac arrest,
  • new data on the monitoring and benefits of cardiovascular health in the population,
  • additional information in many chapters on the global CVD and stroke burden, and
  • a new focus on evidence-based approaches to changing behaviors, implementation strategies, and implications of the AHA’s 2020 Impact Goals.


    Read the full article in Circulation

more...
Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Dec 17, 2014 5:13 PM CST
AHA Science News

Primary Prevention Stroke Guidelines




 

     
  • Each year about 795,000 strokes occur in the US, with about 610,000 of those being new strokes. Stroke is a leading cause of functional impairment, leaving many disabled.
  • This updated Primary Prevention of Stroke Guideline issues several new recommendations.
  • This guideline summarizes the evidence on established and emerging risk factors for primary prevention of stroke.


    Read the full article in Stroke
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Posted by Lyndie Bishop on Oct 29, 2014 10:38 AM CDT
AHA Science News

Approaches to Enhancing Radiation Safety in Cardiovascular Imaging

     
  • Radiation exposure from medical imaging has increased since 1980.
  • The concept of patient-centered imaging is discussed.
  • Education of the clinician and of the patient is considered to be a key element to enhance radiation safety in medical imaging.


    Read the full article in Circulation
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Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Sep 29, 2014 3:18 PM CDT
AHA Science News

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Clinical Performance Measures for Adults Hospitalized With Acute Ischemic Stroke

     
  • At the heart of this document is the notion of “building healthier lives free of heart disease and stroke” through clinical performance measures.
  • There are 691,000 hospitalizations for ischemic stroke each year with in-hospital mortality of 7%.  Stroke is the 4th leading cause of death, leaving stroke a major public health problem.
  • In 2011, the AHA/ASA formed the Stroke Performance Measures Oversight Committee (SPOC) that oversees the development of stroke performance measures for the AHA/ASA.


    Read the full article in Stroke
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Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Sep 25, 2014 4:29 PM CDT
AHA Science News
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2014 AHA/ACC Guideline for the Management of Patients With Non–ST-Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes (NSTE-ACS)

     
  • This complete revision of the 2007 guideline includes a new title, "Non–ST-Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes," (NSTE-ACS) and new terminology, reflecting the continuum from unstable angina (UA) to acute coronary syndrome (ACS).
  • Discharge planning, transition of care, and coordination of care is a key focus.
  • Women and older populations are among the special populations considered.
  • Patient and family education includes awareness of risk factors and lifestyle modification among others.


    Read the full article in Circulation
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Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Sep 23, 2014 3:11 PM CDT
AHA Science News
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The Postthrombotic Syndrome: Evidence-Based Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment Strategies

     
  • a frequent, chronic complication of deep venous thrombosis (DVT - blood clots in ≥1 deep veins, usually of the lower or upper extremities)
  • occurs in a limb previously affected by DVT - DVT affects 1 to 3 of 1000 people in the general population annually.
  • the most common long-term complication of DVT - 20% to 50% of patients with DVT develop PTS sequelae
  • includes a spectrum of symptoms that vary from patient to patient.


    Read the full article in Circulation

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Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Sep 22, 2014 6:46 PM CDT
AHA Science News
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Sustainable Development Goals and the Future of Cardiovascular Health: A Statement From the Global Cardiovascular Disease Taskforce

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  • In 2012, as part of a program to reduce all non-communicable diseases (NCDs) by 25% by 2025, along with representatives of the World Heart Federation, American College of Cardiology Foundation, European Heart Network, and the European Society of Cardiology, the American Heart Association participated in a call to action for the 194 World Health Organization (WHO) Member States to adopt targets to guide cardiovascular (CV) public health efforts for the next several years.1
  • The United Nations will soon debate and determine Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for 2015 and beyond.
  • The importance of resources for impacting the growth of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and stroke, is addressed in this statement.
  • The proposed SDG goal: “Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages.”2
  • The proposed NCD target: “By 2030, reduce by one-third morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) through prevention and treatment, and promote mental health and wellbeing”.2.


    Read the full article in JAHA

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Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Sep 22, 2014 2:30 PM CDT
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Assessment of the 12-Lead ECG as a Screening Test for the Detection of Cardiovascular Disease in Healthy General Populations of Young People (12-25 years of age)
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  • Mandatory and universal cardiovascular mass screening with 12-lead ECGs in large general populations of young healthy people 12-25 years of age to identify genetic/congenital and other cardiovascular abnormalities is not recommended for athletes and non-athletes alike.
  • Consideration for large-scale, general population and universal cardiovascular screening in the age group 12 to 25 years with history–taking and physical examination alone is not recommended.
  • Use by examiners of the AHA 14-point elements and those from other societies as a part of comprehensive history–taking and physical examination to detect or raise suspicion of genetic/congenital and other cardiovascular abnormalities is recommended for cardiovascular screening in young people aged 12 to 25 years.


    Read the full article in Circulation
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Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Sep 15, 2014 4:04 PM CDT
AHA Science News

AHA/ACC/HHS Strategies to Enhance Application of Clinical Practice
Guidelines in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease and Comorbid Conditions

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  • Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) are the cornerstones of quality care.
  • CPGs reflect and are impacted by the evolution of discovery, policy, and knowledge.
  • CPGs must also address the impact of common comorbidities on treatment and management.


    Read the full article in Circulation
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Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Sep 11, 2014 3:14 PM CDT
AHA Science News

  • The rates of both type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are increasing in youth.
  • Two- to 10-fold increases in rates of coronary heart disease and death resulting from coronary heart disease in T1DM were reported in multiple studies involving adults.
  • One approach to cardiovascular disease risk reduction in diabetes mellitus uses the A, B, C approach. In addition to glucose control (HbA1c, or A), blood pressure (BP or B), and cholesterol (C) management are emphasized.
  • Modifiable CVD risk factors for people with diabetes mellitus include obesity, IR, inflammation, oxidative stress, kidney disease, and lifestyle factors such as smoking, diet, exercise, psychosocial stress, depression, and sleep.
  • Non-modifiable CVD risk factors include genetics, family history, diabetes mellitus duration, and racial/ethnic disparities.
  • More clinical trial information is needed to better understand pharmacological treatment and prevention of risk factors.


    Read the full article in Circulation

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Posted by Stacy AHA Science on Aug 28, 2014 4:49 PM CDT
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